Associating Knowledge-in-Use with Technology-in-Use While Comparing Building Information Modeling (BIM) in Finland and in Quebec


  • Hamed Motaghi, Ph.D. Universite du Quebec en Outaouais
  • Albert Lejeune, Ph.D. Université du Québec à Montréal
  • Gulnaz Aksenova University of Liverpool School of Architecture



Building Information Modeling (known as BIM) implementation has been pushed by various initiatives in Finland, Norway, USA and many other countries. Each country has its own vision towards its implementation. In this article, the BIM implementation has been discussed in Quebec, in comparison with Finland. A theoretical understanding of technological use, as technology-in-use, has been adopted to conduct this study, from the multi-dimensional way. The main problems of the constructions industry were described as rooted in the long-established work-practice and traditional managerial approaches in this specific industry. Further more, a concept of knowledge-of-use has been emphasized by actors’ users of BIM, considering the technology as one thing, and knowledge acquisition in using technology in order to incorporate the use as another thing. In addition, managerial implications are discussed.

Author Biographies

Hamed Motaghi, Ph.D., Universite du Quebec en Outaouais

Hamed Motaghi is assistant professor in Technology Innovation at University of Quebec (Outaouais- UQO). Prior to his position at UQO, he was a post-doctorate fellow at Marketing Department in the Desautels Faculty of Management of McGill University. He holds Ph.D. (in Creativity and Technology) at Montreal joint Ph.D. program in Administration at University of Quebec of Montreal (UQAM) with distinction. In addition, he has been lecturer at UQAM for various courses, notably for Technological Innovation. He is also adjunct lecturer at HEC Montreal at the department of Management and adjunct professor at Lawrence Technological University, MI, USA. His main research interests are innovation/creativity, creative and cultural industries and the role of technology, ethnic entrepreneurship and internationalization process of firms.

Albert Lejeune, Ph.D., Université du Québec à Montréal

Albert Lejeune is full professor in IT and technology management at ESG-UQAM business school. He is director of Science Cognitive Institute of UQAM. He holds a Ph.D. in Cognitive Informatics (UQAM, 2017) and a Ph.D. in Business Administration (École des HEC, 1994). He is the founding director of the department of Management and Technology. His research interests are business models as cognitive artefacts, sustainability and cognition, and the digitalization process of traditional industries. He is teaching technology management, social modeling, and strategic impacts of IT.

Gulnaz Aksenova, University of Liverpool School of Architecture

Gulnaz Aksenova is a PhD candidate at the department of Digital Architecture at the University of Liverpool School of Architecture. Prior to the PhD, she has completed MSc in Digital Architectural Design with distinction at the Unviersity of Salford. She worked as a research assistant in a project on comparison of ecosystems for BIM in Quebec and Finland at École des sciences de la gestion (ESG UQAM) and ÉTS in Montreal. Her experience includes practical and theoretical knowledge of BIM practices and strategic management in design and construction industries, organisational and inter-organisational innovation and business ecosystems.