On the Enablement, Deployment and Management of the Breakout Workforce

Miriam Masullo, Christina Harnett, Antonio Ruiz, Timothy Schoeb, Linda Tsantis


Radical changes in the way new Information Age industries are created and in the business models that drive them, have initiated an Age of Content launched by an invisible workforce. Implications of the break-out leadership that launched a massive breakout workforce are considered. The roles that education, learning and training will play in preparing the breakout workforce as it expands in the future are examined. Current Business Management practices are questioned and a model is proposed for how all these forces drive radical industrialization.


Employee Development, Management, Human Resource Management, Entrepreneurship

Full Text:



Alicke, M. D., Guenther, C. L., & Zell, E. ( 2012). Social self-analysis: Constructing and maintaining personal identity. In M. R. Leary & J. P. Tangney (Eds.) Handbook of Self and Identity (2nd ed., pp. 291-308). New York: The Guilford Press.

Baumeister, R. F. & Leary, M.R. (1995). The need to belong: Desire for interpersonal

attachments as a fundamental human motivation. Psychological Bulletin, 117(3),


Brewer, M. B. (1991). The social self: On being the same and different at the same time. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 17(5), 475-482.

Eisenberger, N. I., Lieberman, M. D., & Williams, K. D. (2003). Does rejection hurt? An fMRI study of social exclusion. Science, 302, 290-292.

Hofstede, G. (1991). Cultures and organizations: Software of the mind. London, England: McGraw-Hill.

Janis, I. (1972). Victims of groupthink. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin.

Kross, E., Berman, M. G., Mischel, W., Smith, E. E., Wager, T. D. (2011). Social rejection shares somatosensory representations with physical pain. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,108 (15), 6270-6275.

Lenhart, A., Shermak, J. ( 2005). Selling items online. Pew Research Center.

Maslow, A. H. (1968). Toward a psychology of being. New York: Van Nostrand.

McDougall, W. (1908). An introduction to social psychology. London: Methuen.

Noyes, C. (1907). The gate of appreciation: Studies in the relation of art to life. New York: Houghton, Mifflin and Co.

Weiner, M (1991). The child and the state in India: Child labor and education policy in comparative perspective. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton U.P.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18059/jmi.v3i1.40


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Call for Papers

The Journal of Management and Innovation is a peer-reviewed journal focused on the practical application of research and business knowledge to the real work issues facing practitioners. We are looking to present content that appeals to academics, students, entrepreneurs, and organizations of all sizes, whether for profit or not for profit.

The next issues of this publication are scheduled for October of 2017. Papers should be submitted by August 31, 2017. Submissions should include:

  • Articles in a business discipline related to management, innovation, marketing, accounting, finance, or leadership
  • APA format
  • Proper citation and references
  • Between 1,500 and 5,000 words
  • 75 to 150 word biography of the authors
  • 75 to 150 word abstract
  • 3 to 5 key words